instrument chinois guzheng

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( Log Out /  The Northern styles is associated with Henan and Shandong while the Southern style is with the Chaozhou and Hakka regions of eastern Guangdong. These techniques of playing the guzheng can create sounds that can evoke the sense of a cascading waterfall, thunder, horses’ hooves, and even the scenic countryside. ( Log Out /  It originated during the Warring Period more than 2,500 years ago in China. Guzheng includes 21 DSP effects ready to use including convolution with 30+ custom impulse responses, high quality EQs, compressors and much more. Plucking is done mainly by the right hand with four plectra (picks) attached to the fingers. 5 articulations: fingers, pick, stick, bow and e-bow. Maar misschien moet u snel handelen omdat deze top chinese guzheng instrument binnenkort een van de meest populaire bestsellers wordt. In addition, many new forms of Guzheng appeared through cultural exchanges with Japan, Korea, Mongolia, Vietnam and many other Asian countries. In the film Kung Fu Hustle, the assassins known as The Harpists play a long zither to generate bladed and percussive attacks. With a load/purge switch for each channel, pan / width, volume, mute, solo, phase shift and output selector for mixing the different channels in your DAW. Guzheng remained popular through the late Qing Dynasty ( 1644 AD - 1911 AD), where contemporary Guzheng musicians began the first attempts to formalize Guzheng music by compiling and arranging both classical and popular works such as ‘ High Mountain and Flowing Water' and ‘the Homebound Fisherman.' [6] Some believe the guzheng was originally developed as a bamboo-tube zither as recorded in the Shuowen Jiezi, which was later redesigned and made from larger curved wooden boards and movable bridges. The oldest specimen yet discovered held 13 strings and was dated to possibly during the Warring States period (475–221 BC). 1914) and Lin Maogen (b. The guzheng is ancestral to several other Asian zithers such as the Japanese koto,[1][2][3] the Korean gayageum and ajaeng,[2][3] Mongolian yatga,[3] the Vietnamese đàn tranh,[2][3] the Sundanese kacapi and the Kazakhstan jetigen. It is a plucked instrument with 18-23 strings and movable bridges. Ancient picks were made of ivory and later also from tortoise shell. Ornamentation includes a tremolo involving the right thumb and index finger rapidly and repeatedly plucking the same note. A Guzheng (Chinese: 古筝) is one of the many traditional instruments of the Chinese culture. There are many techniques used to strike notes. Heute kann die guzheng bis zu 25 meist pentatonisch gestimmte Saiten haben. It has a large, resonant soundboard made from Paulownia wood. The guzheng has gone through many changes during its long history. Chinese musical instrument Guzheng In arrangements of guqin (an instrument which Guzheng evolves from) pieces, harmonics are frequently used, along with single-string glissandi, evoking the sound of the guqin. Pieces in the northern style include High Mountain and Running River and Autumn Moon over the Han Palace, both from the Shandong school. The modern guzheng commonly has 21, 25 or 26 strings, is 64 inches (1.6 m) long, and is tuned in a major pentatonic scale. … [citation needed]. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. It has 21 strings and movable bridges. One iconic sound is a tremolo produced by the right thumb rotating rapidly around the same note. Many new pieces have been composed since the 1950s which used new playing techniques such as the playing of harmony and counterpoint by the left hand. Le guzheng (chinois simplifié : 古筝 ; chinois traditionnel : 古箏 ; pinyin : gǔzhēng) est un instrument de musique à cordes pincées traditionnel chinois de la famille des cithares sur table, dont les plus anciennes traces datent du IIIe siècle avant notre ère. There are distinct northern and southern playing styles,[8] each comprising schools specific to a region. Chr.) Die in Deutschland lebende Guzheng-Spielerin Xu Fengxia verbindet mit teilweise experimentellen Spieltechniken klassische chinesische Musik mit Jazz und freier Improvisation. Chr.) A typical technique among guzheng players is creating a tremolo effect with the pickup. For the Chinese Catholic priest, see, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Guzheng&oldid=987909390, Articles needing additional references from February 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Articles needing examples from August 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 23:24. With multiple articulations, included effects and much more. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Jerusalem-based multi-instrumentalist Bradley Fish used the guzheng with a rock-influenced style and electronic effects on his 1996 collaboration, "The Aquarium Conspiracy" (with Sugarcubes/Björk drummer Sigtryggur Baldursson), and is the most widely recorded artist of loops for the instrument. Harmonics are achieved by lightly placing the left hand in the middle of the string while plucking on the right end of string. Gǔ signifie ancien et zhēng veut dire cithare. März 2020 um 09:22 Uhr bearbeitet. Students of the Guzheng who take the Beijing Conservatory examinations are required to learn a repertoire of pieces both traditional and modern. By the Tang Dynasty (618 AD - 907 AD), the number of strings had increased from five to thirteen, and the bamboo had been replaced with wu-tong or paulownia wood for the frame of the instrument. The Guzheng is a Chinese plucked zither, ancestor of several Asian instruments such as the Japanese koto, the Mongolian Yatga and the Korean gayageum. Guzheng (chinesisch .mw-parser-output .Hant{font-size:110%}古箏 / .mw-parser-output .Hans{font-size:110%}古筝, Pinyin gǔzhēng; .mw-parser-output .Hani{font-size:110%}古, gǔ bedeutet „antik“ oder „alt“), auch zheng, veraltet dscheng (箏 / 筝, zhēng), ist eine Wölbbrettzither mit einer langen Tradition, die in der klassischen chinesischen Musik gespielt wird. The northern style includes the Henan, Shaanxi, Shandong, and Zhejiang regional schools. Well known pieces for the instrument include Yu Zhou Chang Wan (Singing at night on fishing boat), Gao Shan Liu Shui (High mountains flowing water), Mei Hua San Nong (Three variations of the Plum Blossom theme) and Han Gong Qiu Yue (Autumn Moon Over the Han Palace). Pitch wheel affects only the last played note in order to create the effect of stretching a string on the real instrument. The zheng (Chinese: 箏; pinyin: zhēng; Wade–Giles: cheng) or guzheng (Chinese: 古箏; pinyin: gǔzhēng; lit. Die japanische wagon zeigt dagegen einen stärkeren Einfluss aus Korea. Guzheng was originally a rather simple instrument … Het lag aan de basis van de Japanse koto, de Koreaanse Gayageum en de Vietnamese Dan Tranh. Strings were once made of silk. This allows for greater flexibility in the instruments musical range, allowing for harmonic progression. Später erhöhte man die Anzahl der Saiten auf 16, 18 und 21. It’s a kind of plucked instrument. Realistic tremolo effect where the last played note is re-triggered on release, control the velocity and intensity of the tremolo more naturally and musically. Zhang Yan (张燕, 1945–1996) played the guzheng, performing and recording with Asian American jazz bandleader Jon Jang. Contemporary guzheng works have also been written by the non-Chinese composers Halim El-Dabh, Kevin Austin, David Vayo, Simon Steen-Andersen, and Jon Foreman. [4] The guzheng became prominent during the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC). Es entstanden seit der Entstehungszeit in Zentralchina viele individuell verschiedene guzheng-Arten. Sample library for Kontakt. It has a large, resonant soundboard made from Paulownia wood. Bedenk hoe jaloers je vrienden zullen zijn wanneer je hen vertelt dat je je chinese guzheng instrument op AliExpress hebt gekregen. From the settings panel you can control basically any parameter that you might need. Pieces in the new style include Harvest Celebration (Qing Feng Nian, Zhao Yuzhai, 1955), Fighting the Typhoon (Zhan Tai Feng, Wang Changyuan, 1965) and the guzheng concerto Fantasia of Miluo River (Li Huanzhi, 1984). [5], There are varied accounts for how the guzheng came to be. The Cao family from Henan are known for being masters of the guzheng. A guzheng is considered a heterochord half-tube zither in the chordophone category by Hornbostel-Sachs, an exhaustive system for classifying instruments. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The sound is that of a guzheng.[11]. Contemporary experimental atonal pieces have been composed since the 1980s. Kontakt Player will run in demo mode. und wurde damals erstmals populär. Beijing, Xian, Chongqing, Yangtze Cruise, Yichang, Shanghai, Guilin, Hong Kong, 5 Days Inner Mongolia Research Family Tour, Hohhot, Xilamuren Grassland, Dalad Banner, Hohhot. The zheng (Chinese: 箏; pinyin: zhēng; Wade–Giles: cheng) or guzheng (Chinese: 古箏; pinyin: gǔzhēng; lit. Tracks by Abel Vegas and Tapsa Kuusniemi. 1924), both from Shandong; Su Wenxian (1907–1971); Guo Ying (b. [8] Modern strings are almost always steel coated in nylon. In 1948, the renowned musician Cao Zheng established the first university level Guzheng program in China. Including EQ, compressors, modulation effects, distortion, saturation, tape machine, reverbs, amp simulators and more. The first session is an introduction of guzheng, you will learn among other things, how this instrument is structured and its characteristics. : 'ancient zheng'), is a Chinese plucked zither. The southern style includes the Chaozhou, Hakka, and Fujian regional schools.[9]. Ancient Chinese instrument for Kontakt. Het instrument heeft meestal 21 snaren (dit aantal varieert tussen 15 en 25). 1918) and Zhao Yuzhai (b. The Guzheng is a Chinese plucked zither, ancestor of several Asian instruments such as the Japanese koto, the Mongolian Yatga and the Korean gayageum. Soms wordt de guzheng verward met de guqin. It is a plucked instrument with 18-23 strings and movable bridges. A heterochord instrument uses one material for the soundboard and a different material for the strings. A Day in the Life compilation). Modern styles use both hands to play on the right side of the strings. Het oorspronkelijke instrument had er slechts 12. The guzheng is an incredibly unique and interesting instrument to play. We sampled a guzheng using both typical playing styles and rare techniques. DevelopmentGuzheng became very popular in the imperial court and among the common people. Change ). 1929), both from Chaozhou; the Hakka Luo Jiuxiang (1902–1978); and Cao Guifen and Cao Zheng (1920–1998), both of whom trained in the Henan school. They broke it in half, one person receiving a 12-string part and another the 13-string part.[8]. The instrument has raised bridges like a guzheng but its body is shaped like a guqin. Mandopop singer-songwriter and music producer Lay Zhang is known for using traditional Chinese instruments such as the guzheng. In more traditional performances however, plectra are used solely on the right hand, reflecting its use for melodic purposes and its relative importance in comparison to the left hand which is used solely for purposes of ornamentation. An early guzheng-like instrument is said to have been invented by Meng Tian,[5] a general of the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC), largely influenced by the se. Hou Jin, a scholar of the Eastern Han Period (25 AD - 220 AD) wrote that Guzheng's sound touches the Heavens above and the Gods and spirits below. The music played by the Guzheng suits both refined and popular tastes, and it’s still a popular musical instrument in China. This library also offers finger, drum stick, bow and e-bow articulations. Hear how Guzheng sounds in the context of a full song and naked right out of the box with no effects. This however also has its limitations, as it prevents the subtle ornamentations provided by the left hand in more traditional music. Its scale was pentatonic, using the notes DO, RE, MI, SO, and LA with a major note for each of its five strings. Sie besteht aus Saiten, die mit Hilfe von Fingerplektren gezupft werden, einem Klangkörper aus Holz und beweglichen Stegen. [citation needed], The guzheng is plucked by the fingers with or without plectra. A more modern playing technique is using the left hand to provide harmony and bass notes, heavily influenced by the theory of Western music. Traditional and alternative techniques in order to get the most out of this beautiful instrument with up to 4 round robin and 4 velocity layers. The Cao family of Henan are known as masters of the guzheng. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 5. Notable 21st-century Chinese guzheng players include Xiang Sihua, Wang Zhongshan,[10] Yuan Sha, Chang Jing and Funa. Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 14 jun 2018 om 15:35. A Guzheng (Chinese: 古筝) is one of the many traditional instruments of the Chinese culture. Ursprünglich hatte die guzheng fünf Saiten. Historical records from ancient books and scholarly writings give vivid accounts of the instrument and its music. Beim Stimmen des Instruments können die Tonhöhen durch Verschieben der Stege eingestellt werden, ganz anders als bei vielen anderen Instrumenten, bei denen die Stege fixiert sind. There are varied accounts for how the guzheng came to be. The guzheng should not be confused with the guqin, a Chinese zither with 7 strings played without moveable bridges. It has its limitations, preventing the subtle ornamentation provided by the left hand in traditional music. Decorations include carved art, carved lacquer, straw, mother-of-pearl inlays, painting, poetry, calligraphy, shell carving (jade) and cloisonné. Chinese Zither (Chinese name: Guzheng) is one of traditional musical instruments in China. [7] A third legend says the guzheng came about when two people fought over a 25-string se. [citation needed] Although most guzheng music is Chinese classical music, the American composer Lou Harrison (1917–2003) played and composed for the instrument. De guzheng of gu zheng (gu-betekent "oud"), ook verkort tot zheng is een traditioneel Chinees muziekinstrument dat behoort tot de citer-instrumentenfamilie.. Soms wordt de guzheng verward met de guqin.Het lag aan de basis van de Japanse koto, de Koreaanse Gayageum en de Vietnamese Dan Tranh.. Het instrument heeft meestal 21 snaren (dit aantal varieert tussen 15 en 25). You can easily replicate this in Guzheng using our tremolo script. Das Instrument ist somit der „Urahne“ verschiedener asiatischer Zithern oder ist zumindest mit diesen verwandt, wie beispielsweise mit der mongolischen yatga, der vietnamesischen đàn tranh und der koreanischen gayageum. During the Qing dynasty (1644–1912) the strings transitioned to bare wire such as brass. Get the sound of this ancient Chinese instrument for your music. It is featured in the 1980 pop hit, "Everybody's Got to Learn Sometime", by the Korgis. It’s a kind of plucked instrument. From the mixer you can control the different articulations separately with the usual parameters you'd get on an audio mixer. ( Log Out /  New techniques include playing harmony and counterpoint with the left hand. Die Rolle Chinas könnte man mit dem Einfluss der griechischen Kultur im Mittelmeerraum in der Zeit des Altertums vergleichen. "Gu Zheng" redirects here. : 'ancient zheng'), is a Chinese plucked zither. The modern guzheng commonly has 21, 25 or 26 strings, is 64 inches (1.6 m) long, and is tuned in a major pentatonic scale. Traditional playing styles use the right hand to pluck notes and the left hand to add ornamentation such as pitch slides and vibrato by pressing the strings to the left of the movable bridges. Another commonly used ornamentation is a wide vibrato, achieved by repeatedly pressing with the left hand on the left side of the bridge. Many people like the sound of a guzheng because it can be soothing and relaxing. [8] Most modern players use plectra that are attached to up to four fingers on each hand. There are many techniques used in the playing of the guzheng, including basic plucking actions (right or both hands) at the right portion and pressing actions at the left portion (by the left hand to produce pitch ornamentations and vibrato) as well as tremolo (right hand). This first course of guzheng is divided into two parts. Southern style pieces include Jackdaw Plays with Water (Han Ya Xi Shui) from the Chaozhou school, and Lotus Emerging from Water (Chu shui lian) from the Hakka school. Guzheng is typically played with a hard pickup using the right hand. Other components are often made from other woods for structural or … Een bekende artieste die de guzheng bespeelt is Wu Fei. There are many techniques used in the playing of the guzheng, including basic plucking actions (right or both hands) at the right portion and pressing actions at the left portion… Because Guzheng was developed in a region called ‘Qin Guo', its name became known as the ‘Qin zheng'. Crafting innovative and evocative audio tools. Die japanische koto kam während der Tang-Dynastie von China nach Japan. Guzheng students who take the Central Conservatory of Music examinations are required to learn traditional and modern pieces. By the Tang Dynasty (618–907 AD) the guzheng may have been the most commonly played instrument in China. Other musicians playing in non-traditional styles include Wu Fei, Xu Fengxia, Randy Raine-Reusch, Mohamed Faizal b. Mohamed Salim, Mei Han, Bei Bei He, Zi Lan Liao, Levi Chen, Andreas Vollenweider, Jaron Lanier, Mike Hovancsek, Chih-Lin Chou, Liu Le and David Sait. Die guzheng erschien zuerst während der Zeit der Streitenden Reiche (481–256 v. A chordophone is any instrument that makes music with strings. Both Gao Shan Liu Shui (High mountains flowing water) and Han Gong Qiu Yue (Han palace autumn moon) are from the Shandong school, while Han ya xi shui (Winter Crows Playing in the Water) and Chu shui lian (Lotus Blossoms Emerging from the Water) are major pieces of the Chaozhou and Hakka repertories respectively. Chinese Zither (Chinese name: Guzheng) is one of traditional musical instruments in China. Round robin, velocity curve, dynamic range and the envelope of each plucked and bowed articulation separately. Guzheng ( chinesisch 古箏 / 古筝, Pinyin gǔzhēng; 古, gǔ bedeutet „antik“ oder „alt“), auch zheng, veraltet dscheng ( 箏 / 筝, zhēng ), ist eine Wölbbrett zither mit einer langen Tradition, die in der klassischen chinesischen Musik gespielt wird. Its scale was pentatonic, using the notes DO, RE, MI, SO, and LA with a major note for each of its five strings. In den 1950er und 1960er Jahren wurde die guzheng nochmals verbessert, sowohl bezüglich der Bauweise als auch der Erweiterung der Spieltechniken, die sich mehr und mehr an die Erfordernisse der zeitgenössischen Musik und an das orchestrale Spiel anpassten. The earliest known versions were constructed with a bamboo frame and used silk strings. The guzheng’s pentatonic scale is tuned to Do, Re, Mi, So, and La, but Fa and Ti can also be produced by pressing the strings to the left of the bridges. And start using it in your tracks today.For the full version of Kontakt only. The representative works of Guzheng include: the Homebound Fishermen, Lotus out of the Water, High Mountain and Flowing Water. Die ebenfalls in Deutschland lebende Chanyuan Zhao spielt klassische chinesische Musik und mit Benjamin Leuschner im Duo Seidenstraße auch moderne Adaptionen. If you have access to a guzheng, this wikiHow will teach you the basics and how to get a great sound out … Guzheng, as one of the most representative Chinese instruments, first appeared around the Warring States period (475 – 221 BC), and then became extremely popular during the Tang Dynasty (618 – 907 AD) and spread to all neighboring areas. De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie. The guzheng has been used in rock music by Chinese performer Wang Yong of Cui Jian, the English musician Jakko Jakszyk (on the 2011 Jakszyk, Fripp & Collins album A Scarcity of Miracles), J.B. Brubaker of August Burns Red on "Creative Captivity" from the 2013 album Rescue & Restore, and the virtual band Gorillaz on "Hong Kong" (from the 2005 Help! 5 articulations: fingers, pick, stick, bow and e-bow. The old silk strings were replaced with nylon strings, which are still being used today. erweiterte man die Saitenzahl auf 13. Der elegante Klang und die zahlreichen Ausdrucksmöglichkeiten des Instrumentes waren bestimmend für die chinesische Musik. Easy to use in a simple and intuitive design. The earliest known versions were constructed with a bamboo frame and used silk strings. Kontakt 5.7.3 and newer versions.Full version of Kontakt required. Two broad playing styles (schools) can be identified as Northern and Southern, although many traditional regional styles still exist. Typisch sind 21 Saiten. Ancient picks were made of mundane materials such as bamboo, bone, and animal teeth or by finer materials such as ivory, tortoiseshell, and jade.[8][9]. Koto player Brett Larner developed innovative works for the guzheng and played the instrument in a duet with electronic musician Samm Bennett on his CD Itadakimasu. The guzheng is often decorated. This script boosts the sonic capabilities of the library exponentially. Other components are often made from other woods for structural or decorative reasons. An early guzheng-like instrument is said to have been invented by Meng Tian, a general of the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC), largely influenced by the se. [citation needed], Notable 20th-century players and teachers include Wang Xunzhi (王巽之, 1899–1972), who popularized the Wulin zheng school based in Hangzhou, Zhejiang; Lou Shuhua, who rearranged a traditional guzheng piece and named it Yu Zhou Chang Wan; Liang Tsai-Ping (1911–2000), who edited the first guzheng manual (Nizheng Pu) in 1938; Cao Dongfu (1898–1970), from Henan; Gao Zicheng (born 1918) and Zhao Yuzhai (born 1924), both from Shandong; Su Wenxian (1907–1971); Guo Ying (born 1914) and Lin Maogen (born 1929), both from Chaozhou; the Hakka Luo Jiuxiang (1902–1978) and Cao Guifen and Cao Zheng (曹正, 1920–1998), both of whom trained in the Henan school. In the effects page you can add any effect you want in any order. In the television drama series My Fair Princess, actress Ruby Lin's character Xia Ziwei plays the guzheng (although she mimes to the music). De guzheng of gu zheng (gu- betekent "oud"), ook verkort tot zheng is een traditioneel Chinees muziekinstrument dat behoort tot de citer-instrumentenfamilie. It has 21 strings and movable bridges. First introduced in the 1970s these multi-material strings increased the instrument's volume while maintaining an acceptable timbre. Chinese musical instrument Guzheng Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Important players and teachers in the 20th century include Wang Xunzhi (王巽之, 1899–1972) who popularized the Wulin zheng school based in Hangzhou, Zhejiang; Lou Shuhua, who rearranged a traditional guzheng piece and named it Yu zhou chang wan; Liang Tsai-Ping (1911–2000), who edited the first guzheng teaching manual, Nizheng pu in 1938; Cao Dongfu (1898–1970), from Henan; Gao Zicheng (b. [example needed], A modern playing technique, influenced by Western music, uses the left hand to provide harmony and bass notes; this gives the guzheng a more flexible musical range, permitting harmonic progression. Many pieces composed since the 1950s use new techniques and also mix elements from both northern and southern styles, ultimately creating a new modern school. ( Log Out /  Artists create unique cultural and artistic content on the instrument. Pieces in this new style include Qing feng nian (Celebrating the Harvest, Zhao Yuzhai, 1955), Zhan tai feng (Fighting the Typhoon, Wang Changyuan, 1965) and the guzheng concerto “Miluo River Fantasia” (Li Huanzhi, 1984). In the second part you will learn how to tune your instrument, how to play different types of scales and you will train on several music pieces. Guzheng players often wear fingerpicks made from materials such as plastic, resin, tortoiseshell, or ivory on one or both hands. It originated during the Warring Period more than 2,500 years ago in China. Advanced players may use picks attached to the fingers of both hands. Während der Tang-Dynastie (618–906 n. This technique is used liberally in Chinese music, as well as in Korean gayageum music. Film über Guzheng-Spielerin Sun Ronghan mit Informationen und Klangbeispielen, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Guzheng&oldid=197435274, Traditionelles chinesisches Musikinstrument, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. Experimental, atonal pieces have been composed since the 1980s. https://nl.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Guzheng&oldid=51794485, Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen.

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